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The lysine methyltransferase SMYD2 methylates the kinase domain of type II receptor BMPR2 and stimulates bone morphogenetic protein signaling.

Gao, Shuman; Wang, Zhiqiang; Wang, Wencai; Hu, Xueli; Chen, Peilin; Li, Jiwen; Feng, Xinhua; Wong, Jiemin; Du, James X.
J Biol Chem; 292(30): 12702-12712, 2017 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28588028
Lysine methylation of chromosomal and nuclear proteins is a well-known mechanism of epigenetic regulation, but relatively little is known about the role of this protein modification in signal transduction. Using an RNAi-based functional screening of the SMYD family of lysine methyltransferases (KMTs), we identified SMYD2 as a KMT essential for robust bone morphogenic protein (BMP)- but not TGFß-induced target gene expression in HaCaT keratinocyte cells. A role for SMYD2 in BMP-induced gene expression was confirmed by shRNA knockdown and CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knock-out of SMYD2 We further demonstrate that SMYD2 knockdown or knock-out impairs BMP-induced phosphorylation of the signal-transducing protein SMAD1/5 and SMAD1/5 nuclear localization and interaction with SMAD4. The SMYD2 KMT activity was required to facilitate BMP-mediated signal transduction, as treatment with the SMYD2 inhibitor AZ505 suppressed BMP2-induced SMAD1/5 phosphorylation. Furthermore, we present evidence that SMYD2 likely modulates the BMP response through its function in the cytosol. We show that, although SMYD2 interacted with multiple components in the BMP pathway, it specifically methylated the kinase domain of BMP type II receptor BMPR2. Taken together, our findings suggest that SMYD2 may promote BMP signaling by directly methylating BMPR2, which, in turn, stimulates BMPR2 kinase activity and activation of the BMP pathway.
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