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Structural development of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-type positive allosteric modulators of prostacyclin receptor (IPPAMs) to improve metabolic stability, and investigation of metabolic fate.

Miyachi, Hiroyuki; Suzuki, Toshifumi; Imamura, Riyo; Nagano, Tetsuo; Okabe, Takayoshi.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett; 27(15): 3572-3575, 2017 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28587821
We synthesized a series of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-type positive allosteric modulators of prostacyclin receptor (IPPAMs), aiming to improve the metabolic stability of the previously identified hit compound IPPAM-3 (2). Our results indicated that the 3-position of the 2-substituted phenyl ring in this series of IPPAM-3 derivatives is a hot spot for metabolism catalyzed by human hepatic microsomes. This conclusion was confirmed by the finding that 8, in which the 3-position is blocked by a fluorine substituent, exhibited superior metabolic stability (t1/2 21min versus 7min for parent compound 2). The primary route of metabolism of 8 was found to be oxidative defluorination, i.e., ipso-substitution of the fluorine atom to a hydroxyl group, affording catechol derivative 12. The primary metabolite 12 underwent further hydroxylation mainly on the 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline moiety. These findings should be helpful for design of IPPAMs with longer duration of action.
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