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Relação mãe-filho e fatores associados: análise hierarquizada de base populacional em uma capital do Brasil-Estudo BRISA. / [Mother-child relationship and associated factors: Hierarchical analysis of the population base in a Brazilian state capital - BRISA Study].

Cavalcante, Milady Cutrim Vieira; Lamy, Fernando; França, Ana Karina Teixeira da Cunha; Lamy, Zeni Carvalho.
Cien Saude Colet; 22(5): 1683-1693, 2017 May.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28538937
Several factors can interfere in the mother-child relationship. Studies about different maternal characteristics and this relationship are scarce; they mainly evaluate women with psychopathology and use simultaneous regression models with adjustment for multiple confounders. This study aimed to assess factors associated with losses in the mother-child relationship through a cohort of 3,215 mothers of children between 15 and 36 months of age. Losses in the mother-child relationship, assessed by the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire, was the outcome variable and the explanatory variables were demographic, socioeconomic, reproductive health and mental health of mothers as well as the conditions of the birth of children. It used multivariate regression analysis with a hierarchical approach in which the hierarchical blocks were structured according to the influence on the mother-child relationship. The prevalence of losses in the mother-child relationship was high (12.6%) and associated risk factors to lower maternal education (RR = 1.64), having unplanned pregnancy (RR = 1.42), consumption of alcoholic beverages during pregnancy (RR = 1.42) and maternal stress symptoms (RR = 1.88) and depression (RR = 2.00). Education and elements related to mental health were risks for damage in the mother-child relationship.
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