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Sofosbuvir and Velpatasvir for the Treatment of Hepatitis C Virus in Patients Coinfected With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1: An Open-Label, Phase 3 Study.

Wyles, David; Bräu, Norbert; Kottilil, Shyam; Daar, Eric S; Ruane, Peter; Workowski, Kimberly; Luetkemeyer, Anne; Adeyemi, Oluwatoyin; Kim, Arthur Y; Doehle, Brian; Huang, K C; Mogalian, Erik; Osinusi, Anu; McNally, John; Brainard, Diana M; McHutchison, John G; Naggie, Susanna; Sulkowski, Mark.
Clin Infect Dis; 65(1): 6-12, 2017 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28369210

Background:

A safe, simple, effective, and pan-genotypic regimen to treat hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) remains a medical need. We assessed the efficacy and safety of the NS5B polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir and the NS5A inhibitor velpatasvir for HCV in patients coinfected with HIV-1.

Methods:

This phase 3, open-label, single-arm study at 17 sites in the United States enrolled patients with HCV of any genotype and HIV-1 coinfection, including those with compensated cirrhosis. All patients received sofosbuvir-velpatasvir once daily for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment (SVR12). Efficacy and safety were assessed in all patients receiving at least 1 dose of treatment.

Results:

Of 106 patients, 91 (86%) were men, 48 (45%) were black, and 19 (18%) had cirrhosis. SVR12 was achieved by 101 of 106 (95% [95% confidence interval {CI}, 89%-99%]) patients 74 of 78 (95% [95% CI, 87%-99%]) with genotype 1; all 11 (100% [95% CI, 72%-100%]) with genotype 2; 11 of 12 (92% [95% CI, 62%-100%]) with genotype 3; and all 5 (100% [95% CI, 48%-100%]) with genotype 4. All 19 patients with cirrhosis had SVR12. Two patients relapsed, 2 were lost to follow-up, and 1 withdrew consent. Two discontinued treatment due to adverse events and 2 had serious adverse events. The most common adverse events were fatigue (25%), headache (13%), upper respiratory tract infection (8%), and arthralgia (8%).

Conclusions:

Sofosbuvir-velpatasvir for 12 weeks was safe and provided high rates of SVR12 in patients coinfected with HCV and HIV-1. Clinical Trials Registration NCT02480712.
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