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Large-Scale Identification of Protein Crotonylation Reveals Its Role in Multiple Cellular Functions.

Wei, Wei; Mao, Anqi; Tang, Bin; Zeng, Qiufang; Gao, Shennan; Liu, Xiaoguang; Lu, Lu; Li, Wenpeng; Du, James X; Li, Jiwen; Wong, Jiemin; Liao, Lujian.
J Proteome Res; 16(4): 1743-1752, 2017 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28234478
Lysine crotonylation on histones is a recently identified post-translational modification that has been demonstrated to associate with active promoters and to directly stimulate transcription. Given that crotonyl-CoA is essential for the acyl transfer reaction and it is a metabolic intermediate widely localized within the cell, we postulate that lysine crotonylation on nonhistone proteins could also widely exist. Using specific antibody enrichment followed by high-resolution mass spectrometry analysis, we identified hundreds of crotonylated proteins and lysine residues. Bioinformatics analysis reveals that crotonylated proteins are particularly enriched for nuclear proteins involved in RNA processing, nucleic acid metabolism, chromosome organization, and gene expression. Furthermore, we demonstrate that crotonylation regulates HDAC1 activity, expels HP1α from heterochromatin, and inhibits cell cycle progression through S-phase. Our data thus indicate that lysine crotonylation could occur in a large number of proteins and could have important regulatory roles in multiple nuclei-related cellular processes.
Selo DaSilva