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Next-generation sequencing of liquid-based cytology non-small cell lung cancer samples.

Reynolds, Jordan P; Zhou, Yaolin; Jakubowski, Maureen A; Wang, Zhen; Brainard, Jennifer A; Klein, Roger D; Farver, Carol F; Almeida, Francisco A; Cheng, Yu-Wei.
Cancer Cytopathol; 125(3): 178-187, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28085233

BACKGROUND:

The detection of mutated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with residual cell pellets derived from liquid-based cytology (LBC) samples (eg, endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration) has been validated with allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. The aim of this study was to validate next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology for detecting gene mutations with residual cell pellets from LBC.

METHODS:

Archived DNA extracted from LBC samples of adenocarcinoma stored in PreservCyt with a known EGFR mutation status was retrieved. Genomic DNA was multiplex-amplified and enriched with Ion AmpliSeq Cancer Hotspot Panel v2 chemistry and the OneTouch 2 instrument; this was followed by semiconductor sequencing on the Ion Personal Genome Machine platform. The mutation hotspots of 6 NSCLC-related genes (BRAF, EGFR, ERBB2, KRAS, MET, and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit α [PIK3CA]) were analyzed with NextGENe and Torrent Suite bioinformatics tools.

RESULTS:

The commonly identified EGFR sequence changes, including 4 L858R mutations, 3 exon 19 deletions, and 1 exon 20 insertion, were in 100% concordance between the assay platforms. Less common NSCLC variants were also found in the mutation hotspots of ERBB2, KRAS, MET, and PIK3CA genes.

CONCLUSIONS:

NSCLC mutation analysis using NGS can be successfully performed on residual cell pellets derived from LBC samples. This approach allows the simultaneous examination of multiple mutation hotspots in a timely manner to improve patient care. Cancer Cytopathol 2017;125178-187. © 2016 American Cancer Society.
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