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Accelerated ferumoxytol-enhanced 4D multiphase, steady-state imaging with contrast enhancement (MUSIC) cardiovascular MRI: validation in pediatric congenital heart disease.

Zhou, Ziwu; Han, Fei; Rapacchi, Stanislas; Nguyen, Kim-Lien; Brunengraber, Daniel Z; Kim, Grace-Hyun J; Finn, J Paul; Hu, Peng.
NMR Biomed; 30(1)2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27862507
The purpose of this work was to validate a parallel imaging (PI) and compressed sensing (CS) combined reconstruction method for a recently proposed 4D non-breath-held, multiphase, steady-state imaging technique (MUSIC) cardiovascular MRI in a cohort of pediatric congenital heart disease patients. We implemented a graphics processing unit accelerated CS-PI combined reconstruction method and applied it in 13 pediatric patients who underwent cardiovascular MRI after ferumoxytol administration. Conventional breath-held contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) was first performed during the first pass of ferumoxytol injection, followed by the original MUSIC and the proposed CS-PI MUSIC during the steady-state distribution phase of ferumoxytol. Qualities of acquired images were then evaluated using a four-point scale. Left ventricular volumes and ejection fractions calculated from the original MUSIC and the CS-PI MUSIC were also compared with conventional multi-slice 2D cardiac cine MRI. The proposed CS-PI MUSIC reduced the imaging time of the MUSIC acquisition to 4.6 ± 0.4 min from 8.9 ± 1.2 min. Computationally intensive image reconstruction was completed within 5 min without interruption of sequential clinical scans. The proposed method (mean 3.3-4.0) provided image quality comparable to that of the original MUSIC (3.2-4.0) (all P ≥ 0.42), and better than conventional breath-held first-pass CE-MRA (1.1-3.3) for 13 anatomical structures (all P ≤ 0.0014) with good inter-observer agreement (κ > 0.46). The calculated ventricular volumes and ejection fractions from both original MUSIC (r > 0.90) and CS-PI MUSIC (r > 0.85) correlated well with 2D cine imaging. In conclusion, PI and CS were successfully incorporated into the 4D MUSIC acquisition to further reduce scan time by approximately 50% while maintaining highly comparable image quality in a clinically practical reconstruction time.
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