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Preoperative prediction for regaining ambulatory ability in paretic non-ambulatory patients with metastatic spinal cord compression.

Ohashi, M; Hirano, T; Watanabe, K; Katsumi, K; Shoji, H; Sano, A; Tashi, H; Takahashi, I; Wakasugi, M; Shibuya, Y; Endo, N.
Spinal Cord; 55(5): 447-453, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27752060

STUDY DESIGN:

Retrospective multicenter study.

OBJECTIVES:

To analyze the predictive factors for postoperative ambulatory recovery in paretic non-ambulatory patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC).SETTING: Japan.

METHODS:

Eighty-two consecutive patients (74.4% men; mean age, 66.2 years) who could not walk before surgery due to cervical or thoracic MSCC and underwent posterior decompressive surgery between 2003 and 2014 were included. Patients were divided into two groups according to ambulatory status at 6 weeks after surgery: recovery (group R) and non-recovery (group NR). To evaluate the speed of progression of motor deficits, we assessed the period from onset of neurological symptoms to gait inability (T1).

RESULTS:

Fifty patients (61.0%) regained the ability to walk (group R). The period of T1 demonstrated a positive correlation with probability of ambulatory recovery (P=0.00; Kendall's tau-b=0.38), and a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the cutoff value of T1 was 5 days (area under the curve=0.72; P=0.001). In multivariate analysis, <6 days of T1 was one of the independent risk factors for failing to regain ambulatory ability (odds ratio, 8.74; P=0.00).

CONCLUSIONS:

The speed of progression of motor deficits can independently and powerfully predict the chance of postoperative ambulatory recovery as well as previously identified predictors. Since information about the speed of progression can be obtained easily by interviewing patients or family members, even if the patient is in an urgent state, our results will be helpful in clinical decision-making.
Selo DaSilva