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IL-7 and immobilized Kit-ligand stimulate serum- and stromal cell-free cultures of precursor B-cell lines and clones.

Kawano, Yohei; Petkau, Georg; Wolf, Ingrid; Tornack, Julia; Melchers, Fritz.
Eur J Immunol; 47(1): 206-212, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27739072
Long-term proliferating, DH JH -rearranged mouse precursor B-cell lines have previously been established in serum- and IL-7-containing media from fetal liver, but not from bone marrow. Serum and stromal cells expose these pre-B cells to undefined factors, hampering accurate analyses of ligand-dependent signaling, which controls pre-B cell proliferation, survival, residence and migration. Here, we describe a novel serum-free, stromal cell-free culture system, which allows us to establish and maintain pre-B cells not only from fetal liver, but also from bone marrow with practically identical efficiencies in proliferation, cloning and differentiation. Surprisingly, recombinant kit-ligand, also called stem cell factor, produced as a kit-ligand-Fc fusion protein, suffices to replace stromal cells and serum, provided that it is presented to cultured pre-B cells in an optimal density in plate-bound, insolubilized, potentially crosslinking form. Additional recombinant CXCL12 and fibronectin have a minor influence on the establishment and maintenance of pre-B cell lines and clones from fetal liver, but are necessary to establish such cell lines from bone marrow.
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