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Clinical Utility of Next-Generation Sequencing for Oncogenic Mutations in Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia Undergoing Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation.

Luskin, Marlise R; Carroll, Martin; Lieberman, David; Morrissette, Jennifer J D; Zhao, Jianhua; Crisalli, Lisa; Roth, David B; Luger, Selina M; Porter, David L; Reshef, Ran.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant; 22(11): 1961-1967, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27478011
To determine the association of somatic mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with risk of relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT), we retrospectively studied pre-transplantation genetic profiles obtained from next-generation sequencing of 26 genes in 112 adult patients with AML who underwent alloHSCT. Univariable and multivariable regression analyses were used to assess the association between the presence of a pathogenic mutation and risk of relapse after alloHSCT. Eighty-six percent (96 of 112) of patients had at least 1 pathogenic mutation. Mutations in TP53, WT1, and FLT3-internal tandem duplication (ITD) were associated with an increased risk of relapse after alloHSCT (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 2.90; P = .009; aHR, 2.51; P= .02; and aHR, 1.83; P = .07, respectively). DNMT3A mutation in the absence of FLT3-ITD and NPM1 mutations was associated with a lower relapse risk (aHR, .22; P = .04). Comparison of pre-alloHSCT and post-alloHSCT genetic profiles showed clonal evolution in 6 of 6 patients, including acquisition of actionable mutations in 4 patients. In summary, genetic profiling is useful for assessing relapse risk in patients with AML undergoing alloHSCT and may identify patients in need of strategies to reduce this risk. Clonal evolution is present at post-alloHSCT relapse and repeat genetic profiling may uncover acquired actionable mutations.
Selo DaSilva