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A comparison of health-related quality of life in 5- and 10-year-old Swedish children with and without cleft lip and/or palate.

Sundell, Anna Lena; Törnhage, Carl-Johan; Marcusson, Agneta.
Int J Paediatr Dent; 27(4): 238-246, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27464906

BACKGROUND:

The current understanding on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in young Swedish children with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) is sparse, and therefore, research on impact of CL/P on HRQoL in children is needed.

AIMS:

To investigate HRQoL in 5- and 10-year-old Swedish children with CL/P in comparison with non-cleft controls. Also to analyse whether there were any differences in HRQoL between children with cleft lip (with or without cleft palate, CL ± P) and cleft palate only (CP) and/or gender differences.

DESIGN:

A total of 137 children with CL/P and 305 non-cleft controls participated. HRQoL was measured with KIDSCREEN-52.

RESULTS:

All children in the study exhibited HRQoL within or above the age-matched reference interval of the method with similar results in both groups; however, in the dimension 'social support and peers', the 10-year-old children with CL/P perceived lower HRQoL than the non-cleft controls, but it did not reach statistical significance. Type of cleft or gender did not influence HRQoL.

CONCLUSIONS:

Both 5- and 10-year-old Swedish children with CL/P had HRQoL in the normal reference interval. Their general life situations were well adjusted to their clefts, but the older children with CL/P felt more excluded and less supported by peers.
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