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Molecular Basis of Assembly and Activation of Complement Component C1 in Complex with Immunoglobulin G1 and Antigen.

Wang, Guanbo; de Jong, Rob N; van den Bremer, Ewald T J; Beurskens, Frank J; Labrijn, Aran F; Ugurlar, Deniz; Gros, Piet; Schuurman, Janine; Parren, Paul W H I; Heck, Albert J R.
Mol Cell; 63(1): 135-45, 2016 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27320199
The classical complement pathway contributes to the natural immune defense against pathogens and tumors. IgG antibodies can assemble at the cell surface into hexamers via Fc:Fc interactions, which recruit complement component C1q and induce complement activation. Biophysical characterization of the C1:IgG complex has remained elusive primarily due to the low affinity of IgG-C1q binding. Using IgG variants that dynamically form hexamers efficient in C1q binding and complement activation, we could assess C1q binding in solution by native mass spectrometry and size-exclusion chromatography. Fc-domain deglycosylation, described to abrogate complement activation, affected IgG hexamerization and C1q binding. Strikingly, antigen binding by IgG hexamers or deletion of the Fab arms substantially potentiated complement initiation, suggesting that Fab-mediated effects impact downstream Fc-mediated events. Finally, we characterized a reconstituted 2,045.3 ± 0.4-kDa complex of intact C1 bound to antigen-saturated IgG hexamer by native mass spectrometry, providing a clear visualization of a complete complement initiation complex.
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