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A Novel Role for TL1A/DR3 in Protection against Intestinal Injury and Infection.

Jia, Li-Guo; Bamias, Giorgos; Arseneau, Kristen O; Burkly, Linda C; Wang, Eddy C Y; Gruszka, Dennis; Pizarro, Theresa T; Cominelli, Fabio.
J Immunol; 197(1): 377-86, 2016 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27233964
TNF-like cytokine 1A (TL1A) is expressed on APCs and provides costimulatory signals to activated lymphocytes that bear its functional receptor, death receptor 3 (DR3). TL1A/DR3 signaling is involved in the pathogenesis of human and experimental inflammatory bowel disease. In the current study, we investigated the role of this cytokine/receptor pair in acute intestinal injury/repair pathways. We demonstrate that intact DR3 signaling protected mice from acute dextran sodium sulfate colitis because DR3(-/-) mice showed more severe mucosal inflammation and increased mortality. DR3(-/-) mice were compromised in their ability to maintain adequate numbers of CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells in response to acute mucosal damage. This defect in immune regulation led to a nonspecific upregulation of effector proinflammatory pathways, which was most prominent for the Th17 immunophenotype. TL1A(-/-) mice were similarly more susceptible to dextran sodium sulfate colitis, although without mortality and with delayed kinetics compared with DR3(-/-) mice, and also displayed significantly reduced numbers of regulatory T cells. Infection of DR3(-/-) mice with Salmonella typhimurium was associated with defective microbial clearance and elevated bacterial load. Taken together, our findings indicate a novel protective role for the TL1A/DR3 axis in the regulation of mucosal homeostasis during acute intestinal injury/repair, which contrasts with its known pathogenic function during chronic intestinal inflammation.
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