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Inhibition of demineralization around the enamel-dentin/restoration interface after dentin pretreatment with TiF4 and self-etching adhesive systems.

Bridi, Enrico Coser; do Amaral, Flávia Lucisano Botelho; França, Fabiana Mantovani Gomes; Turssi, Cecilia Pedroso; Basting, Roberta Tarkany.
Clin Oral Investig; 20(4): 857-63, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26319980

OBJECTIVES:

The objective of this study was to evaluate the inhibition of demineralization around enamel-dentin/restoration interface after dentin pretreatment with 2.5% titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4). MATERIALS AND

METHODS:

Forty dental class V cavities at the cementoenamel junction were distributed into four groups (n = 10), according to the presence or absence of TiF4 and to the adhesive system (Clearfil SE Bond/CL and Adper EasyOne/AD), and restored with a resin composite. A dynamic pH cycling model was used to induce the development of artificial caries lesions. After sectioning the dental blocks, Knoop microhardness tests were performed at different depths (20, 40, and 60 µm from the occlusal margin of the restoration) and at different distances (100, 200, and 300 µm from the adhesive interface). Repeated measures three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's test were used (α = 0.05).

RESULTS:

For enamel, there were no differences in the microhardness values for CL, AD, and TiF4-AD at depths, regardless of the distances. Considering each depth, there were no significant differences among treatments. For dentin, ANOVA showed no significant interaction among the independent variables treatment*distance*depth (p = 0.994), no significant interaction between treatment*depth (p = 0.722), no significant interaction between treatment*distance (p = 0.265), no significant interaction between depth*distance (p = 0.365), and no significant effect on treatment (p = 0.151), depth (p = 0.067), or distance (p = 0.251).

CONCLUSIONS:

Dentin pretreatment of the cavity walls with TiF4 before self-etching adhesive systems was not effective in inhibiting demineralization around the enamel-dentin/restoration interfaces. CLINICAL RELEVANCE The mechanism of incorporating fluoride in enamel and dentin of the cavity walls to inhibit demineralization around restorations seems ineffective when using TiF4 as a dentin pretreatment.
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