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Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of PF-05231023, a novel long-acting FGF21 mimetic, in a first-in-human study.

Dong, Jennifer Q; Rossulek, Michelle; Somayaji, Veena R; Baltrukonis, Daniel; Liang, Yali; Hudson, Krischan; Hernandez-Illas, Martha; Calle, Roberto A.
Br J Clin Pharmacol; 80(5): 1051-63, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25940675

AIMS:

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD), safety and tolerability of single intravenous (IV) doses of PF-05231023, a long acting fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) analogue being developed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

METHODS:

T2DM subjects (glycosylated haemoglobin: 7.0-10.5%; on stable metformin therapy and/or diet and exercise) were randomized to receive a single dose of placebo or PF-05231023 (0.5-200 mg). Safety evaluations were performed up to 14 days after dosing. PK and PD endpoints were measured and a PK/PD model was developed for triglyceride - an early marker of drug activity.

RESULTS:

No antidrug antibody or serious adverse events (AEs) were observed. The most frequent AEs were gastrointestinal but were generally mild. Plasma PF-05231023 levels peaked immediately post-IV dosing, with mean terminal half-lives of 6.5-7.7 h and 66.5- 96.6 h for intact C- and N-termini, respectively. Intact C-terminus exposures increased proportionally with increasing dose, whereas N-terminus exposures appeared to trend higher than dose-proportionally. Although no apparent effect on plasma glucose was seen, dose-dependent decreases in triglyceride were observed, with a maximum reduction of 48.5 ± 10.0% (mean ± standard deviation) for the 200 mg dose compared with a reduction of 19.1 ± 26.4% for placebo, demonstrating proof of pharmacology. Moreover, a reduction in total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and an increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were observed in the high-dose groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Single IV doses of PF-05231023 up to 200 mg were generally safe and well tolerated by subjects with T2DM. The observed early sign of pharmacology supports further clinical testing of PF-05231023 upon repeated administration.
Selo DaSilva