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Altered Phenotype of ß-Cells and Other Pancreatic Cell Lineages in Patients With Diffuse Congenital Hyperinsulinism in Infancy Caused by Mutations in the ATP-Sensitive K-Channel.

Salisbury, Rachel J; Han, Bing; Jennings, Rachel E; Berry, Andrew A; Stevens, Adam; Mohamed, Zainab; Sugden, Sarah A; De Krijger, Ronald; Cross, Sarah E; Johnson, Paul P V; Newbould, Melanie; Cosgrove, Karen E; Hanley, Karen Piper; Banerjee, Indraneel; Dunne, Mark J; Hanley, Neil A.
Diabetes; 64(9): 3182-8, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25931474
Diffuse congenital hyperinsulinism in infancy (CHI-D) arises from mutations inactivating the KATP channel; however, the phenotype is difficult to explain from electrophysiology alone. Here we studied wider abnormalities in the ß-cell and other pancreatic lineages. Islets were disorganized in CHI-D compared with controls. PAX4 and ARX expression was decreased. A tendency toward increased NKX2.2 expression was consistent with its detection in two-thirds of CHI-D δ-cell nuclei, similar to the fetal pancreas, and implied immature δ-cell function. CHI-D δ-cells also comprised 10% of cells displaying nucleomegaly. In CHI-D, increased proliferation was most elevated in duct (5- to 11-fold) and acinar (7- to 47-fold) lineages. Increased ß-cell proliferation observed in some cases was offset by an increase in apoptosis; this is in keeping with no difference in INSULIN expression or surface area stained for insulin between CHI-D and control pancreas. However, nuclear localization of CDK6 and P27 was markedly enhanced in CHI-D ß-cells compared with cytoplasmic localization in control cells. These combined data support normal ß-cell mass in CHI-D, but with G1/S molecules positioned in favor of cell cycle progression. New molecular abnormalities in δ-cells and marked proliferative increases in other pancreatic lineages indicate CHI-D is not solely a ß-cell disorder.
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