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Integrin ß1, Osmosensing, and Chemoresistance in Mouse Ehrlich Carcinoma Cells.

Sørensen, Belinda Halling; Rasmussen, Line Jee Hartmann; Broberg, Bjørn Sindballe; Klausen, Thomas Kjær; Sauter, Daniel Peter Rafael; Lambert, Ian Henry; Aspberg, Anders; Hoffmann, Else Kay.
Cell Physiol Biochem; 36(1): 111-32, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25925201

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Altered expression of the integrin family of cell adhesion receptors has been associated with initiation, progression, and metastasis of solid tumors as well as in the development of chemoresistance. Here, we investigated the role of integrins, in particular integrin ß1, in cell volume regulation and drug-induced apoptosis in adherent and non-adherent Ehrlich ascites cell lines.

METHODS:

Adhesion phenotypes were verified by colorimetric cell-adhesion-assay. Quantitative real-time PCR and western blot were used to compare expression levels of integrin subunits. Small interfering RNA was used to silence integrin ß1 expression. Regulatory volume decrease (RVD) after cell swelling was studied with calcein-fluorescence-self-quenching and Coulter counter analysis. Taurine efflux was estimated with tracer technique. Caspase assay was used to determine apoptosis.

RESULTS:

We show that adherent cells have stronger fibronectin binding and a significantly increased expression of integrin α5, αv, and ß1 at mRNA and protein level, compared to non-adherent cells. Knockdown of integrin ß1 reduced RVD of the adherent but not of the non-adherent cells. Efflux of taurine was unaffected. In contrast to non-adherent, adherent cells exhibited chemoresistance to chemotherapeutic drugs (cisplatin and gemcitabine). However, knockdown of integrin ß1 promoted cisplatin-induced caspase activity in adherent cells.

CONCLUSION:

Our data identifies integrin ß1 as a part of the osmosensing machinery and regulator of cisplatin resistance in adherent Ehrlich cells.
Selo DaSilva