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Oral bacteria adherence to suture threads: an in vitro study.

de Castro Costa Neto, Oswaldo; Lobo, Leandro Araujo; Iorio, Natalia Lopes Pontes; de Fátima Carvalho Vasconcelos, Maria; Maia, Lucianne Cople; Tannure, Patrícia Nivoloni; Antonio, Andréa Gonçalves.
Oral Maxillofac Surg; 19(3): 275-80, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25711725


This study investigated the adherence of oral microorganisms to different types of suture threads.


Pieces of thread were distributed on 24-well plates, according to the following groups: (G1) nylon, (G2) silk, (G3) polyglactin 910, (G4) polyglactin 910 with triclosan. Blank control (G5) consisted of one thread from each group. Adherence to thread tests was performed to observe adhesion of total microorganisms from saliva or two isolates of Prevotella intermedia (ATCC49046) and Fusobacterium nucleatum (ATCC51190). Brain-heart infusion (BHI) medium with or without bacterial inoculum (1.8 × 10(7) CFU/mL) was added to each well of microplates. The microplates were incubated in an anaerobic chamber at 37 °C, for 5 days for biofilm formation.


There was no difference between the groups as regard to adhesion of F. nucleatum (p > 0.05). For P. intermedia, the threads in G1 and G4 showed a lower level of adhesion (p < 0.05), with no difference between them. Against total microorganisms, G1 presented a lower level of adherence (p < 0.05), followed by G4; and no difference was observed between G2 and G3.


Total microorganisms and P. intermedia have different affinities to the tested suture threads, whereas F. nucleatum presented a similar adherence level. Among the threads, nylon (G1), followed by polyglactin 910 with triclosan (G4) presented the lowest microbial adherence level.
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