Your browser doesn't support javascript.

Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde


Home > Pesquisa > ()
Imprimir Exportar

Formato de exportação:


Adicionar mais destinatários
| |

Celecoxib inhibits early cutaneous wound healing.

Fairweather, Mark; Heit, Yvonne I; Buie, Justin; Rosenberg, Laura M; Briggs, Alexandra; Orgill, Dennis P; Bertagnolli, Monica M.
J Surg Res; 194(2): 717-24, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25588948


Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an inducible enzyme that is rapidly upregulated in response to injury, resulting in the production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), a primary mediator of inflammation and wound healing. The selective COX-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, is was used to treat pain and inflammation. When used to treat injuries, we postulated that loss of PGE2 activity by COX-2 inhibition would have detrimental effects on wound healing. Our objective was to study the effect of selective COX-2 inhibition with celecoxib on cutaneous wound healing.


C57BL/6J mice with uniform full-thickness wounds (1 cm(2)) to their dorsum were fed diet with or without celecoxib (1500 ppm). Wound closure analysis measured wound contraction, reepithelialization, and open wound as a percentage of the initial wound area, and was quantified by planimetry. Wounds were excised en bloc at day 7 to examine cellular proliferation, angiogenesis, cytokine production, and extracellular matrix (ECM) formation.


Celecoxib-induced reduction in wound PGE2 levels was documented by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay on day 7 after wounding. Wound contraction and reepithelialization were significantly reduced by celecoxib treatment, resulting in a 20% greater open wound area at day 7 (P < 0.05). In response to celecoxib treatment, immunohistochemistry analysis showed epithelial cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and ECM components including collagen and myofibroblasts were significantly decreased.


Wound healing is significantly delayed by celecoxib treatment. These data indicate that COX-2 and its downstream product PGE2 modulate the activity of multiple essential functions of the inflammatory stroma, including epithelial proliferation, angiogenesis, and ECM production. As a result, reepithelialization and wound closure are delayed by celecoxib treatment. These findings have potential clinical implications in postoperative wound management.
Selo DaSilva