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miR-638 regulates differentiation and proliferation in leukemic cells by targeting cyclin-dependent kinase 2.

Lin, Yi; Li, Dengju; Liang, Qing; Liu, Shangqing; Zuo, Xuelan; Li, Lin; Sun, Xuemei; Li, Wenxin; Guo, Mingxiong; Huang, Zan.
J Biol Chem; 290(3): 1818-28, 2015 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25451924
MicroRNAs have been extensively studied as regulators of hematopoiesis and leukemogenesis. We identified miR-638 as a novel regulator in myeloid differentiation and proliferation of leukemic cells. We found that miR-638 was developmentally up-regulated in cells of myeloid but not lymphoid lineage. Furthermore, significant miR-638 down-regulation was observed in primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blasts, whereas miR-638 expression was dramatically up-regulated in primary AML blasts and leukemic cell lines undergoing forced myeloid differentiation. These observations suggest that miR-638 might play a role in myeloid differentiation, and its dysregulation may contribute to leukemogenesis. Indeed, ectopic expression of miR-638 promoted phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate- or all-trans-retinoic acid-induced differentiation of leukemic cell lines and primary AML blasts, whereas miR-638 inhibition caused an opposite phenotype. Consistently, miR-638 overexpression induced G1 cell cycle arrest and reduced colony formation in soft agar. Cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) was found to be a target gene of miR-638. CDK2 inhibition phenotypically mimicked the overexpression of miR-638. Moreover, forced expression of CDK2 restored the proliferation and the colony-forming ability inhibited by miR-638. Our data suggest that miR-638 regulates proliferation and myeloid differentiation by targeting CDK2 and may serve as a novel target for leukemia therapy or marker for AML diagnosis and prognosis.
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