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Low birth weight is associated with adiposity, impaired skeletal muscle energetics and weight loss resistance in mice.

Beauchamp, B; Ghosh, S; Dysart, M W; Kanaan, G N; Chu, A; Blais, A; Rajamanickam, K; Tsai, E C; Patti, M-E; Harper, M-E.
Int J Obes (Lond); 39(4): 702-11, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25091727

BACKGROUND:

In utero undernutrition is associated with obesity and insulin resistance, although its effects on skeletal muscle remain poorly defined. Therefore, in the current study we explored the effects of in utero food restriction on muscle energy metabolism in mice.

METHODS:

We used an experimental mouse model system of maternal undernutrition during late pregnancy to examine offspring from undernourished dams (U) and control offspring from ad libitum-fed dams (C). Weight loss of 10-week-old offspring on a 4-week 40% calorie-restricted diet was also followed. Experimental approaches included bioenergetic analyses in isolated mitochondria, intact (permeabilized) muscle and at the whole body level.

RESULTS:

U have increased adiposity and decreased glucose tolerance compared to C. Strikingly, when U are put on a 40% calorie-restricted diet they lose half as much weight as calorie-restricted controls. Mitochondria from muscle overall from U had decreased coupled (state 3) and uncoupled (state 4) respiration and increased maximal respiration compared to C. Mitochondrial yield was lower in U than C. In permeabilized fiber preparations from mixed fiber-type muscle, U had decreased mitochondrial content and decreased adenylate-free leak respiration, fatty acid oxidative capacity and state 3 respiratory capacity through complex I. Fiber maximal oxidative phosphorylation capacity did not differ between U and C but was decreased with calorie restriction.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results reveal that in utero undernutrition alters metabolic physiology through a profound effect on skeletal muscle energetics and blunts response to a hypocaloric diet in adulthood. We propose that mitochondrial dysfunction links undernutrition in utero with metabolic disease in adulthood.
Selo DaSilva