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Even mild cases of paediatric Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis show significant long-term proteinuria.

Tudorache, Elena; Azema, Christine; Hogan, Julien; Wannous, Hala; Aoun, Bilal; Decramer, Stéphane; Deschênes, Georges; Ulinski, Tim.
Acta Paediatr; 104(8): 843-8, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24946692


Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is a common cause of paediatric renal disease in children, representing 10-15% of paediatric glomerulonephritis. This study examined the long-term outcome of biopsy-proven HSP nephritis to identify correlations between disease development and treatment.


Patients from three French centres were retrospectively analysed.


We followed up 142 patients aged from 2 to 10.5 years with HSP nephritis, graded according to the International Study Group of Kidney Disease in Childhood classification. Mean (±SD) age at presentation was 7.6 ± 2.8 years. Nephrotic range proteinuria was present in 28% of patients with Grade II lesions, 60% with Grade III and 90% with Grade IV. Significant proteinuria (>0.5 g/L) was found in nine of 48 patients 3 years after renal biopsy, eight of 25 patients after 5 years and three of 14 patients after 10 years. There was no correlation between the proteinuria risk at 3, 5 or 10 years and the initial histological lesion or treatment modality. Treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (ACEi/ARB) was linked to lower proteinuria, especially if it was started precociously.


Even mild forms of HSP nephritis risk significant long-term proteinuria. Very early introduction of ACEi/ARB may improve the long-term outcome independent of histological lesions.
Selo DaSilva