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Secondary antibody deficiency.

Duraisingham, Sai S; Buckland, Matthew S; Grigoriadou, Sofia; Longhurst, Hilary J.
Expert Rev Clin Immunol; 10(5): 583-91, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24684706
Secondary antibody deficiencies are defined by a quantitative or qualitative decrease in antibodies that occur most commonly as a consequence of renal or gastrointestinal immunoglobulin loss, hematological malignancies and corticosteroid, immunosuppressive or anticonvulsant medications. Patients with hematological malignancies or requiring immunosuppressive medications are known to be at increased risk of infection, but few studies directly address this relationship in the context of antibody deficiency. Immunoglobulin replacement therapy has been shown to be effective in reducing infections in primary and some secondary antibody deficiencies. The commonly encountered causes of secondary antibody deficiencies and their association with infection-related morbidity and mortality are discussed. Recommendations are made for screening and clinical management of those at risk.
Selo DaSilva