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Methylglyoxal causes endothelial dysfunction: the role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and AMP-activated protein kinase α.

Turkseven, Saadet; Ertuna, Elif; Yetik-Anacak, Gunay; Yasa, Mukadder.
J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol; 25(1): 109-15, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24127540

BACKGROUND:

Methylglyoxal is a major precursor in the formation of advanced glycation end products and is associated with the pathogenesis of diabetes-related vascular complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether methylglyoxal induces endothelial dysfunction and to determine the contributors involved in this process.

METHODS:

Rat thoracic aortic rings were treated for 24 h with 100 µM methylglyoxal by using an organ culture method. A cumulative dose-response curve to acetylcholine was obtained to determine endothelium-dependent relaxation. The protein levels of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and its phosphorylated form at the serine 1177 site [p-eNOS (Ser1177)], heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), AMP-activated protein kinase α (AMPKα) and its phosphorylated form at the threonine 172 site [p-AMPKα (Thr172)] were evaluated. Superoxide production was determined by lucigenin-chemiluminescence.

RESULTS:

Treatment with 100 µM methylglyoxal for 24 h decreased acetylcholine-induced vascular relaxation. The levels of eNOS and p-eNOS (Ser1177) were reduced while no effect on Hsp90 was observed. Levels of p-AMPKα (Thr172) were significantly decreased without any change in total AMPKα protein levels. Superoxide level was not affected by methylglyoxal treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

In rat aortic rings, methylglyoxal determines a reduction in endothelium-dependent relaxation. This effect seems to be mediated via a reduction in p-eNOS (Ser1177) and p-AMPKα (Thr172).
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