Your browser doesn't support javascript.

Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde


Home > Pesquisa > ()
Imprimir Exportar

Formato de exportação:


Adicionar mais destinatários
| |

A pilot pharmacologic biomarker study in HLA-haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplant recipients.

Bemer, Meagan J; Sorror, Mohamed; Sandmaier, Brenda M; O'Donnell, Paul V; McCune, Jeannine S.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol; 72(3): 607-18, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23907443


Eleven patients diagnosed with various hematologic malignancies receiving an HLA-haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) participated in an ancillary biomarker trial. The goal of the trial was to evaluate potential pharmacologic biomarkers pertinent to the conditioning regimen [fludarabine monophosphate (fludarabine) and cyclophosphamide (CY)] or postgrafting immunosuppression [CY and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)] in these patients.


We characterized the interpatient variability of nine pharmacologic biomarkers. The biomarkers evaluated were relevant to fludarabine (i.e., area under the curve (AUC) of 2-fluoro-ara-A or F-ara-A), CY (i.e., AUCs of CY and four of its metabolites), and MMF (i.e., total mycophenolic acid (MPA) AUC, unbound MPA AUC, and inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) activity).


Interpatient variability in the pharmacologic biomarkers was high. Among those related to HCT conditioning, the interpatient variability ranged from 1.5-fold (CY AUC) to 4.0-fold (AUC of carboxyethylphosphoramide mustard, a metabolite of CY). Among biomarkers evaluated as part of postgrafting immunosuppression, the interpatient variability ranged from 1.7-fold (CY AUC) to 4.9-fold (IMPDH area under the effect curve). There was a moderate correlation (R (2) = 0.441) of within-patient 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide formation clearance.


Considerable interpatient variability exists in the pharmacokinetic and drug-specific biomarkers potentially relevant to clinical outcomes in HLA-haploidentical HCT recipients. Pharmacodynamic studies are warranted to optimize the conditioning regimen and postgrafting immunosuppression administered to HLA-haploidentical HCT recipients.
Selo DaSilva