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A pilot pharmacologic biomarker study in HLA-haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplant recipients.

Bemer, Meagan J; Sorror, Mohamed; Sandmaier, Brenda M; O'Donnell, Paul V; McCune, Jeannine S.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol; 72(3): 607-18, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23907443

PURPOSE:

Eleven patients diagnosed with various hematologic malignancies receiving an HLA-haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) participated in an ancillary biomarker trial. The goal of the trial was to evaluate potential pharmacologic biomarkers pertinent to the conditioning regimen [fludarabine monophosphate (fludarabine) and cyclophosphamide (CY)] or postgrafting immunosuppression [CY and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)] in these patients.

METHODS:

We characterized the interpatient variability of nine pharmacologic biomarkers. The biomarkers evaluated were relevant to fludarabine (i.e., area under the curve (AUC) of 2-fluoro-ara-A or F-ara-A), CY (i.e., AUCs of CY and four of its metabolites), and MMF (i.e., total mycophenolic acid (MPA) AUC, unbound MPA AUC, and inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) activity).

RESULTS:

Interpatient variability in the pharmacologic biomarkers was high. Among those related to HCT conditioning, the interpatient variability ranged from 1.5-fold (CY AUC) to 4.0-fold (AUC of carboxyethylphosphoramide mustard, a metabolite of CY). Among biomarkers evaluated as part of postgrafting immunosuppression, the interpatient variability ranged from 1.7-fold (CY AUC) to 4.9-fold (IMPDH area under the effect curve). There was a moderate correlation (R (2) = 0.441) of within-patient 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide formation clearance.

CONCLUSIONS:

Considerable interpatient variability exists in the pharmacokinetic and drug-specific biomarkers potentially relevant to clinical outcomes in HLA-haploidentical HCT recipients. Pharmacodynamic studies are warranted to optimize the conditioning regimen and postgrafting immunosuppression administered to HLA-haploidentical HCT recipients.
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