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UK Renal Registry 15th annual report: Chapter 7 clinical, haematological and biochemical parameters in patients receiving renal replacement therapy in paediatric centres in the UK in 2011: national and centre-specific analyses.

Pruthi, Rishi; Maxwell, Heather; Casula, Anna; Braddon, Fiona; Lewis, Malcolm; O'Brien, Catherine; Tse, Yincent; Inward, Carol; Sinha, Manish D.
Nephron Clin Pract; 123 Suppl 1: 151-64, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23774490

BACKGROUND:

The British Association for Paediatric Nephrology Registry was established to analyse data related to renal replacement therapy (RRT) in children. The registry receives data from the 13 paediatric nephrology centres in the UK.

AIMS:

To provide centre specific data so that individual centres can reflect on the contribution that their data makes to the national picture and to determine the extent to which their patient parameters meet nationally agreed audit standards for the management of children with established renal failure.

METHODS:

Data returns have been a mixture of electronic and paper returns. Data were analysed to calculate summary statistics and where applicable the percentage achieving an audit standard. The standards used were those set out by the Renal Association and the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.

RESULTS:

Anthropometric data confirmed that children receiving RRT were short compared to healthy peers. Amongst patients with a height of <2 SD between 2001 and 2011, 31% were receiving growth hormone if they were on dialysis compared to 10% if they had a functioning transplant. Blood pressure control remained challenging with wide inter-centre variation although this was significantly better in children with a functioning transplant. Over a third of haemodialysis patients and a quarter of peritoneal dialysis patients were anaemic, compared to only 7% of transplanted patients. ESA use in the dialysis population exceeded 90% amongst anaemic patients. The control of renal bone disease remained challenging.

CONCLUSIONS:

Optimizing growth in children on RRT remained challenging and the control of bone biochemistry in children on dialysis was imperfect. The likelihood of complete electronic reporting in the near future with plans for quarterly reporting in the format of the recently finalised NEW paediatric dataset will hopefully improve quality of data and their reporting, allowing improvements in patient care.
Selo DaSilva