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CD34 Expression in the Stromal Cells of Alveolar Adenoma.

De Rosa, Nicolina; Maiorino, Alfonso; De Rosa, Ilaria; Curcio, Carlo; Sellitto, Carmine; Amore, Dario.
Case Rep Med; 2012: 913517, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23118769
The alveolar adenoma of the lung is a rare benign tumor characterized by a proliferation of both the alveolar epithelial cells and the mesenchymal septal cells. Immunohistochemically, the epithelial cells stain for cytokeratin (CK) AE1AE3, CK7, thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF1), and surfactant apoprotein confirming the derivation by the type 2 pneumocytes. The stromal cells are negative for these markers but they show focally smooth muscle and muscle-specific actin positivity. We describe two cases that showed immunohistochemically a CD34 positivity of the mesenchymal septal cells. This aspect has been previously described in a two cases report, but not emphasized by the authors as a distinctive feature of the lesion. We consider this CD34 positivity as a marker of immaturity or stemness of the lesional septal spindle cells, that could be responsible of the different phenotypic and morphological profile of the interstitial cells, that could be, therefore, considered neoplastic and not reactive.
Selo DaSilva