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Routine determination of GFR in renal transplant recipients by HPLC quantification of plasma iohexol concentrations and comparison with estimated GFR.

Castagnet, Stéphanie; Blasco, Hélène; Vourc'h, Patrick; Benz-De-Bretagne, Isabelle; Veyrat-Durebex, Charlotte; Barbet, Christelle; Alnajjar, Azmi; Ribourtout, Bénédicte; Buchler, Matthias; Halimi, Jean-Michel; Andres, Christian R.
J Clin Lab Anal; 26(5): 376-83, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23001984
Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) methods are not sufficiently reliable in renal transplant recipients (RTR) and should be replaced by iohexol plasma clearance measurement. However, this method has poor availability in health centers. The aim of our study was to develop a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for plasma iohexol measurement in routine practice and to evaluate its plasma clearance as a reference of GFR. We developed an HPLC method using UV detection. We evaluated sample storage conditions to provide recommendations for routine practice. Then, we compared GFRbased on plasma iohexol clearance (GFR-iohexol) to eGFR using modification of diet in renal disease, Cockcroft and Gault, and CDK-EPIequations in 40 RTR. The method was validated over a concentration range of 15-300 µg/l. Excellent linearity (r > 0.998), inter- and intraday precision (CV < 3.3%), and accuracy (>96.8%) were complied with ICH guidelines. We also demonstrated excellent samples stability (9 days). Although eGFR methods are not references in RTR, we found a correct concordance between eGFR and GFR-iohexol in our population. To conclude, our method is simple, rapid, accurate, and reliable for routine clinical and research use especially in RTR.
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