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Physical growth and nutritional status of Mexican infants from newborn to two years of age.

Flores-Huerta, Samuel; Klünder-Klünder, Miguel; Muñoz-Hernández, Onofre.
Salud Publica Mex; 54 Suppl 1: S82-9, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22965447

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the nutritional status of Mexican infants under two years of age.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Five nutritional surveys, three being representative of the nation, were assessed using several anthropometric indicators, with reference to the WHO 2006 growth standard.

RESULTS:

From national surveys, the incidence of low birth weight ranged from 8.9 to 8.1% and was higher in rural areas. At two years of age, the prevalences of stunted growth, wasting and being overweight ranged from 25.6 to 16.1%, 4.5 to 1.9% and 6.3 to 10.8%, respectively, between 1988 and 2006. The combination of being overweight with stunted growth increased with age, particularly in rural areas. Figures presented in non-national surveys compared with national surveys demonstrate a lower incidence of low birth weight, similar levels of stunted growth, being overweight and obesity, and a little higher for wasting.

CONCLUSION:

Policies are required to be implemented to prevent nutritional diseases associated with stunted growth, being overweight and obesity.
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