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Effects of chronic treatment of MPTP monkeys with bromocriptine alone or in combination with SKF 38393.

Rouillard, C; Bédard, P J; Di Paolo, T.
Eur J Pharmacol; 185(2-3): 209-15, 1990 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-2253695
Eight monkeys developed a severe parkinsonian syndrome after i.v. administration of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Treatment with bromocriptine (5 mg/kg) relieved the parkinsonian symptoms, but the efficacy of this treatment appeared to decrease slightly with time. The addition of SKF38393 (5 mg/kg) to the bromocriptine treatment in four monkeys prevented and even reversed the tendency to decreased efficacy with an increased response in three out of four animals. Neither of these two treatments induced dyskinesia in these monkeys. Dopamine D1 and D2 receptors, assayed in the caudate nucleus, the putamen and nucleus accumbens with [3H]SCH 23390 and [3H]spiperone binding respectively, were not significantly different in MPTP monkeys treated with bromocriptine or with bromocriptine plus SKF38393. Monkeys in the two treatment groups had a similar extent of denervation of the striatum and accumbens as assessed by the content of dopamine and its metabolites. These results suggest that in MPTP monkeys, the behavioral response to the D2 agonist bromocriptine can be enhanced by concomitant activation of the D1 receptors while this combination of agonists does not induce dyskinesia. The addition of the D1 agonist does not appear to cause further alteration of the D1 or D2 receptors.
Selo DaSilva