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Decreased suicidal ideation in depressed patients with or without comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors: an open study.

Sher, Leo; Stanley, Barbara H; Posner, Kelly; Arendt, Mikkel; Grunebaum, Michael F; Neria, Yuval; Mann, Joseph John; Oquendo, Maria A.
Psychiatry Res; 196(2-3): 261-6, 2012 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22397913
Comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with higher morbidity including suicidal ideation and behavior. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a known treatment for PTSD, MDD and comorbid PTSD and MDD. Since the patients with comorbid MDD and PTSD (PTSD-MDD) are sicker, we hypothesize a poorer response to treatment compared to patients with MDD only. Ninety-six MDD patients were included in the study 76 with MDD only and 20 with PTSD-MDD. Demographic and clinical parameters at baseline were assessed. We examined clinical parameters before and after 3 months of open SSRI treatment in subjects with PTSD-MDD and compared this group to individuals with MDD only. At baseline, PTSD-MDD patients had higher Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and Buss-Durkee Hostility Scale scores compared with MDD only subjects. There was a significant decrease in scores on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, and Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation after 3 months of treatment with SSRIs in both groups. The magnitude of improvement in Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation scores was greater in the PTSD-MDD group compared to the MDD only subjects. Symptoms of depression including suicidal ideation improved in MDD patients with or without comorbid PTSD after 3 months of treatment with SSRIs but improvement in suicidal ideation was greater in the PTSD-MDD group. Our finding has not supported the hypothesis that a response to treatment is poorer in the PTSD-MDD group which may indicate that sicker patients benefit more from the treatment.
Selo DaSilva