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Potential of T-regulatory cells to protect xenografts.

Muller, Yannick D; Ehirchiou, Driss; Golshayan, Déla; Buhler, Leo H; Seebach, Jörg D.
Curr Opin Organ Transplant; 17(2): 155-61, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22273594

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Immunological barriers still preclude clinical xenotransplantation. The protective role of CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) T-regulatory cells (Treg) in allotransplantation is well described and, therefore, could represent a promising therapeutical tool for xenotransplantation. This review addresses the latest findings on Treg in xenotransplantation research.

RECENT FINDINGS:

In vivo, costimulation blockade-based strategies including anti-CD154 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in combination with rapamycin or anti-LFA-1 mAb prolonged both concordant and discordant islets xenografts survival in a Treg-dependent manner. In vitro, IL-10 secretion was shown to be critical for the suppression of xenogeneic responses mediated by Treg. Moreover, transgenic expression of inducible costimulator-immunoglobulin or PD-L1 on porcine endothelial cells inhibited human T-cell proliferation in vitro and was associated with the induction of Treg and IL-10 secretion. CXCR3 mediated the recruitment of Treg to pig endothelium. Finally, the recruitment of human Treg was enhanced by the immobilization of human CCL17 on pig endothelium.

SUMMARY:

There is increasing evidence for the potential of CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) Treg to protect xenografts. Induction of Treg in recipients and/or recruitment of human Treg to pig endothelium may represent novel strategies to prevent cell-mediated rejection in pig-to-human xenotransplantation.
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