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Modulation of inflammatory processes by leaves extract from Clusia nemorosa both in vitro and in vivo animal models.

Farias, José Alex C; Ferro, Jamylle Nunes S; Silva, Juliane P; Agra, Isabela Karine R; Oliveira, Fernando M; Candea, André Luiz P; Conte, Fernando P; Ferraris, Fausto K; Henriques, Maria das Graças M O; Conserva, Lucia M; Barreto, Emiliano.
Inflammation; 35(2): 764-71, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21842373
The present study was carried out to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of the hexane extract of the leaves from Clusia nemorosa G. Mey, called HECn, using carrageenan-induced mice pleurisy and cotton pellet-induced mice granuloma. Additionally, the ability of HECn to affect both neutrophil migration as viability was investigated by use of the Boyden chamber assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The HECn significantly inhibited exudation, total leukocytes and neutrophils influx, as well as TNFα levels in carrageenan-induced pleurisy. However, the extract not suppressed the granulomatous tissue formation in the cotton pellet-induced granuloma test. Experiments performed in vitro revealed that HECn on human neutrophils inhibited a dose-dependent manner the CXCL1-induced neutrophil chemotaxis. Furthermore, HECn also inhibited the chemoattraction of human neutrophils induced by formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP), leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and platelet activating factor (PAF) in a Boyden chamber. However, this same treatment not was able to induce apoptosis. The results obtained in this study showed that the extract from leaves of C. nemorosa possess a potent inhibitory activity in acute model of inflammation, being the effects mediated, in part, by inhibition of neutrophil responsiveness. These results indicate that C. nemorosa could be a good source for anti-inflammatory compounds.
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