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Inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 modulates phenotypic switching of vascular smooth muscle cells during increased aortic blood flow.

Roan, Jun-Neng; Tsai, Yu-Chuan; Chen, I-Wen; Chang, Shih-Wei; Huang, Chien-Chi; Lam, Chen-Fuh.
Heart Vessels; 27(3): 307-15, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21584750
This study investigates the interactions between cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) phenotypic switching, the two important coupling mechanisms of the vasculature on arterial remodeling in response to high laminal shear stress. High aortic blood flow was induced by creating a fistula in the abdominal aorta and the adjacent IVC of anesthetized rats. Celecoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor (25 mg/kg/day), was fed in the chow, and animals were killed 8 weeks later. Blood flow, vasoreactivity and morphological changes in the aorta proximal to the fistula were measured. Concentrations of collagen, expression of desmin and smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (SM-MHC)-II in the aorta were determined. Celecoxib significantly increased aortic blood flow and reduced the contraction responses of aorta. Decreased medial thickness, presence of intimal thickening and derangement of elastic lamina were found in the aortic section of celecoxib-treated animals. Celecoxib significantly reduced the tissue content of collagen and upregulated expression of SM-MHC-II and desmin in the high-flow aorta. Inhibition of COX-2 enzymatic activity in the aorta exposed to higher blood flow resulted in increased blood flow and vascular remodeling. These functional changes were accomplished by VSMC phenotypic switching and reduced biosynthesis of collagen.
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