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Insertion of the ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway is more successful with the Flexi-Slip™ stylet than with the introducer.

Chen, Hung-Shu; Yang, Shih-Chieh; Chien, Chih-Fang Chang; Spielberger, Jan; Hung, Kuo-Chuan; Chung, Kao-Chi.
Can J Anaesth; 58(7): 617, 2011 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21509636

PURPOSE:

The ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway (PLMA™) may be difficult to insert because of its large soft cuff, even when using a dedicated introducer tool. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether introduction of a stylet (Flexi-Slip™) in the drainage tube improved insertion characteristics compared with the standard introducer.

METHODS:

In this randomized controlled trial, 160 adults were allocated randomly to either the Introducer group (n = 80) or to the Flexi-Slip stylet group (n = 80). In the Introducer group, the PLMA was inserted with an introducer as described in the manufacturer's instructions. In the Flexi-Slip stylet group, a Flexi-Slip stylet was inserted into the drainage tube of the PLMA and bent to form a near 90° angle at the junction of the cuff and the airway tube. The primary outcome measurement was the success rate at first attempt. Insertion time, visible blood staining, and complications were also noted.

RESULTS:

Success at first attempt was more frequent with the Flexi-Slip stylet than with the introducer (100% vs 86%, respectively; P = 0.001). Overall time (mean ± standard deviation) taken for successful placement was shorter with the Flexi-Slip stylet than with the introducer (19.9 ± 5.6 sec vs 28.4 ± 15.2 sec, respectively; P < 0.001). The incidences of blood staining and postoperative sore throat were lower in the Flexi-Slip stylet group than in the Introducer group (4% vs 15%, respectively; P = 0.015 and 8% vs 23%, respectively; P = 0.008).

CONCLUSION:

Insertion of the PLMA with a Flexi-Slip stylet has a higher success rate at first attempt, requires less time, and results in fewer airway complications than the introducer technique.
Selo DaSilva