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alpha(9)beta(1) integrin engagement inhibits neutrophil spontaneous apoptosis: involvement of Bcl-2 family members.

Saldanha-Gama, Roberta F; Moraes, João A; Mariano-Oliveira, Andrea; Coelho, Ana Lucia; Walsh, Erin M; Marcinkiewicz, Cezary; Barja-Fidalgo, Christina.
Biochim Biophys Acta; 1803(7): 848-57, 2010 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20362630
Integrin signaling is comprised of well-characterized pathways generally involved in cell survival. alpha(9)beta(1) integrin has recently become a target of study and has been shown to present pro-survival effects on neutrophils. However, there are no detailed studies on how alpha(9)beta(1) integrin-coupled signaling pathways interact and how they converge to finally modulate spontaneous apoptosis in neutrophils. In this regard we sought to investigate the main signaling events triggered by alpha(9)beta(1) integrin engagement and how these signaling pathways modulate the apoptotic program of human neutrophils. Using VLO5, a snake venom disintegrin shown to bind to alpha(9)beta(1) integrin in neutrophils, we demonstrate that alpha(9)beta(1) integrin engagement leads to the activation of integrin signaling pathways and potently reduces neutrophil spontaneous apoptosis. These effects are dependent on the activation of PI3K and MAPK pathways, since both LY294002 (PI3K inhibitor) or PD95059 (MEK inhibitor) reverted the effects of VLO5/alpha(9)beta(1) interaction. Moreover we show that VLO5/alpha(9)beta(1) engagement induces NF-kappaB nuclear translocation and increases the ratio between anti- and pro-apoptotic proteins by inducing the degradation of pro-apoptotic protein Bad and increasing the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-x(L). VLO5 also inhibited the early steps of neutrophil spontaneous apoptosis by preventing Bax translocation to the outer mitochondrial membrane and consequent cytochrome c release. In conclusion, as the mechanistic details of alpha(9)beta(1) integrin signaling pathways in human neutrophils becomes clearer, it should become possible to develop new therapeutic agents for human diseases where neutrophils play a prominent role.
Selo DaSilva