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Mice with the CHEK2*1100delC SNP are predisposed to cancer with a strong gender bias.

Bahassi, El Mustapha; Robbins, Susan B; Yin, Moying; Boivin, Gregory P; Kuiper, Raoul; van Steeg, Harry; Stambrook, Peter J.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A; 106(40): 17111-6, 2009 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19805189
The CHEK2 kinase (Chk2 in mouse) is a member of a DNA damage response pathway that regulates cell cycle arrest at cell cycle checkpoints and facilitates the repair of dsDNA breaks by a recombination-mediated mechanism. There are numerous variants of the CHEK2 gene, at least one of which, CHEK2*1100delC (SNP), associates with breast cancer. A mouse model in which the wild-type Chk2 has been replaced by a Chk2*1100delC allele was tested for elevated risk of spontaneous cancer and increased sensitivity to challenge by a carcinogenic compound. Mice homozygous for Chk2*1100delC produced more tumors than wild-type mice, whereas heterozygous mice were not statistically different. When fractionated by gender, however, homozygous and heterozygous mice developed spontaneous tumors more rapidly and to a far greater extent than wild-type mice, indicative of a marked gender bias in mice harboring the variant allele. Consistent with our previous data showing elevated genomic instability in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) derived from mice homozygous for Chk2*1100delC, the level of Cdc25A was elevated in heterozygous and homozygous MEFs and tumors. When challenged with the carcinogen 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, all mice, regardless of genotype, had a reduced lifespan. Latency for mammary tumorigenesis was reduced significantly in mice homozygous for Chk2*1100delC but unexpectedly increased for the development of lymphomas. An implication from this study is that individuals who harbor the variant CHEK2*1100delC allele not only are at an elevated risk for the development of cancer but also that this risk can be further increased as a result of environmental exposure.
Selo DaSilva