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The transcriptional activity of Pygopus is enhanced by its interaction with cAMP-response-element-binding protein (CREB)-binding protein.

Andrews, Phillip G P; He, Zhijian; Popadiuk, Cathy; Kao, Kenneth R.
Biochem J; 422(3): 493-501, 2009 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19555349
Pygopus is a core component of the beta-catenin/TCF (T-cell factor) transcriptional activation complex required for the expression of canonical Wnt target genes. Recent evidence suggests that Pygopus could interpret histone methylation associated with target genes and it was shown to be required for histone acetylation. The involvement of a specific acetyltransferase, however, was not determined. In this report, we demonstrate that Pygopus can interact with the HAT (histone acetyltransferase) CBP [CREB (cAMP-responsive-element-binding protein)-binding protein]. The interaction is via the NHD (N-terminal homology domain) of Pygopus, which binds to two regions in the vicinity of the HAT domain of CBP. Transfected and endogenous hPygo2 (human Pygopus2) and CBP proteins co-immunoprecipitate in HEK-293 (human embryonic kidney 293) cells and both proteins co-localize in SW480 colorectal cancer cells. The interaction with CBP also enhances both DNA-tethered and TCF/LEF1 (lymphoid enhancing factor 1)-dependent transcriptional activity of Pygopus. Furthermore, immunoprecipitated Pygopus protein complexes displayed CBP-dependent histone acetyltransferase activity. Our data support a model in which the NHD region of Pygopus is required to augment TCF/beta-catenin-mediated transcriptional activation by a mechanism that includes both transcriptional activation and histone acetylation resulting from the recruitment of the CBP histone acetyltransferase.
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