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The disease-protective complement factor H allotypic variant Ile62 shows increased binding affinity for C3b and enhanced cofactor activity.

Tortajada, Agustín; Montes, Tamara; Martínez-Barricarte, Rubén; Morgan, B Paul; Harris, Claire L; de Córdoba, Santiago Rodríguez.
Hum Mol Genet; 18(18): 3452-61, 2009 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19549636
Mutations and polymorphisms in the gene encoding factor H (CFH) have been associated with atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome, dense deposit disease and age-related macular degeneration. The disease-predisposing CFH variants show a differential association with pathology that has been very useful to unravel critical events in the pathogenesis of one or other disease. In contrast, the factor H (fH)-Ile(62) polymorphism confers strong protection to all three diseases. Using ELISA-based methods and surface plasmon resonance analyses, we show here that the protective fH-Ile(62) variant binds more efficiently to C3b than fH-Val(62) and competes better with factor B in proconvertase formation. Functional analyses demonstrate an increased cofactor activity for fH-Ile(62) in the factor I-mediated cleavage of fluid phase and surface-bound C3b; however, the two fH variants show no differences in decay accelerating activity. From these data, we conclude that the protective effect of the fH-Ile(62) variant is due to its better capacity to bind C3b, inhibit proconvertase formation and catalyze inactivation of fluid-phase and surface-bound C3b. This demonstration of the functional consequences of the fH-Ile(62) polymorphism provides relevant insights into the complement regulatory activities of fH that will be useful in disease prediction and future development of effective therapeutics for disorders caused by complement dysregulation.
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