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Effects of ezetimibe and simvastatin on apolipoprotein B metabolism in males with mixed hyperlipidemia.

Tremblay, André J; Lamarche, Benoît; Hogue, Jean-Charles; Couture, Patrick.
J Lipid Res; 50(7): 1463-71, 2009 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19305020
Sixteen hyperlipidemic men were enrolled in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, cross-over study to evaluate the effect of ezetimibe 10 mg and simvastatin 40 mg, coadministered and alone, on the in vivo kinetics of apolipoprotein (apo) B-48 and B-100 in humans. Subjects underwent a primed-constant infusion of a stable isotope in the fed state. The coadministration of simvastatin and ezetimibe significantly reduced plasma concentrations of cholesterol (-43.0%), LDL-C (-53.6%), and triglycerides (-44.0%). Triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRL) apoB-48 pool size (PS) was significantly decreased (-48.9%) following combination therapy mainly through a significant reduction in TRL apoB-48 production rate (PR) (-38.0%). The fractional catabolic rate (FCR) of VLDL and LDL apoB-100 were significantly increased with all treatment modalities compared with placebo, leading to a significant reduction in the PS of these fractions. We also observed a positive correlation between changes in TRL apoB-48 PS and changes in TRL apoB-48 PR (r = 0.85; P < 0.0001) with combination therapy. Our results indicate that treatment with simvastatin plus ezetimibe is effective in reducing plasma TRL apoB-48 levels and that this effect is most likely mediated by a reduction in the intestinal secretion of TRL apoB-48. Our study also indicated that the reduction in LDL-C concentration following combination therapy is mainly driven by an increase in FCR of apoB-100 containing lipoproteins.
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