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Spatial field shifts in ocean acoustic environmental sensitivity analysis.

Dosso, Stan E; Morley, Michael G; Giles, Peter M; Brooke, Gary H; McCammon, Diana F; Pecknold, Sean; Hines, Paul C.
J Acoust Soc Am; 122(5): 2560-70, 2007 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18189547
This article examines the effects of spatial field shifts in ocean acoustic environmental sensitivity analysis. Acoustic sensitivity studies are typically based on comparing acoustic fields computed for a reference environmental model and for a perturbed model in which one or more parameters have been changed. The perturbation to the acoustic field due to the perturbed environment generally includes a component representing a spatial shift of the field (i.e., local field structure remains coherent, but shifts in range and/or depth) and a component representing a change to the shifted field. Standard sensitivity measures based on acoustic perturbations at a fixed point can indicate high sensitivity in cases where the field structure changes very little, but is simply shifted by a small spatial offset; this can conflict with an intuitive understanding of sensitivity. This article defines and compares fixed-point and field-shift corrected sensitivity measures. The approaches are illustrated with examples of deterministic sensitivity (i.e., sensitivity to a specific environmental change) and stochastic sensitivity (sensitivity to environmental uncertainty) in range-independent and range-dependent environments.
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