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Long-term prognosis of patients with early post-infarction angina.

Erceg, Predrag; Davidovic, Mladen; Vasiljevic, Zorana; Mitrovic, Predrag; Vukcevic, Vladan; Zdravkovic, Sanja; Mihajlovic, Gordana; Despotovic, Nebojsa; Milosevic, Dragoslav P.
Circ J; 71(10): 1530-3, 2007 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17895546

BACKGROUND:

Most studies have shown that early post-infarction angina (EPA) implies an unfavorable long-term prognosis among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, some studies have failed to establish a link between the occurrence of EPA and increased mortality and recurrent infarction rates.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

In order to evaluate a long-term prognosis in patients with EPA, we assessed the 5-year prognosis of 80 patients with AMI by the presence or absence of EPA. During the 5-year follow up, the occurrence of death, cardiac death, recurrent infarction, unstable angina, heart failure, revascularization and cardiac events were recorded. A cardiac event was defined as an occurrence of any of the following events: cardiac death, recurrent infarction, unstable angina, heart failure and revascularization. Survival analysis showed no differences between patients with and without EPA in the probability of death (p=NS), cardiac death (p=NS), recurrent myocardial infarction (p=NS) and unstable angina (p=NS). Patients with EPA had a higher probability of developing cardiac events (p=0.0285) and undergoing revascularization procedures (p=0.0188).

CONCLUSIONS:

EPA increases the risk of patients developing cardiac events and undergoing revascularization procedures, and thereby implies a poor long-term prognosis for patients with AMI.
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