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Enoxaparin therapy for arterial thrombosis in infants with congenital heart disease.

Bontadelli, Joe; Moeller, Alexander; Schmugge, Markus; Schraner, Thomas; Kretschmar, Oliver; Bauersfeld, Urs; Bernet-Buettiker, Vera; Albisetti, Manuela.
Intensive Care Med; 33(11): 1978-84, 2007 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17554520

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate efficacy and safety of enoxaparin for catheter-related arterial thrombosis in infants with congenital heart disease.

DESIGN:

Prospective observational study.SETTING: Pediatric Intensive Care and Cardiology Unit at the University Children's Hospital of Zurich.PATIENTS: A cohort of 32[Symbol: see text]infants aged 0-12[Symbol: see text]months treated with enoxaparin for catheter-related arterial thrombosis from 2002 to 2005.MEASUREMENTS: Dose requirements of enoxaparin, resolution of thrombosis by Doppler ultrasound, and bleeding complications.

RESULTS:

Catheter-related arterial thrombosis was located in the iliac/femoral arteries in 31 (97%) infants and aorta in 1 infant, and was related to indwelling catheters and cardiac catheterization in 17 (53%) and 15 (47%) cases, respectively. Newborns required increased doses of enoxaparin to achieve therapeutic anti-FXa levels (mean 1.62[Symbol: see text]mg/kg per dose) compared with infants aged 2-12 months (mean 1.12 mg/kg per dose; p=0.0002). Complete resolution of arterial thrombosis occurred in 29 (91%) infants at a mean of 23 days after initiation of enoxaparin therapy. Partial or no resolution was observed in 1 (3%) and 2 (6%) infants, respectively, at a mean follow-up time of 4.3 months. Bleeding complications occurred in 1 (3%) infant.

CONCLUSION:

Enoxaparin is efficient and safe for infants with congenital heart disease and catheter-related arterial thrombosis, possibly representing a valid alternative to the currently recommended unfractionated heparin.
Selo DaSilva