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Macrophage migration inhibitory factor stimulated by Helicobacter pylori increases proliferation of gastric epithelial cells.

Xia, Harry Hua-Xiang; Lam, Shiu Kum; Chan, Annie O O; Lin, Marie Chia Mi; Kung, Hsiang Fu; Ogura, Keiji; Berg, Douglas E; Wong, Benjamin Chun-Yu.
World J Gastroenterol; 11(13): 1946-50, 2005 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15800984

AIM:

Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) is associated with increased gastric inflammatory and epithelial expression of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and gastric epithelial cell proliferation. This study aimed at determining whether H pylori directly stimulates release of MIF in monocytes, whether the cag pathogenicity island (PAI) is involved for this function, and whether MIF stimulated by H pylori increases gastric epithelial cell proliferation in vitro.

METHODS:

A cytotoxic wild-type H pylori strain (TN2), its three isogenic mutants (TN2Deltacag, TN2DeltacagA and TN2DeltacagE) were co-cultured with cells of a human monocyte cell line, THP-1, for 24 h at different organism/cell ratios. MIF in the supernatants was measured by an ELISA. Cells of a human gastric cancer cell line, MKN45, were then co-cultured with the supernatants, with and without monoclonal anti-MIF antibody for 24 h. The cells were further incubated for 12 h after addition of 3H-thymidine, and the levels of incorporation of 3H-thymidine were measured with a liquid scintillation counter.

RESULTS:

The wild-type strain and the isogenic mutants, TN2DeltacagA and TN2 DeltacagE, increased MIF release at organism/cell ratios of 200/1 and 400/1, but not at the ratios of 50/1 and 100/1. However, the mutant TN2delta cag did not increase the release of MIF at any of the four ratios. 3H-thymidine readings for MKN-45 cells were significantly increased with supernatants derived from the wild-type strain and the mutants TN2DeltacagA and TN2DeltacagE, but not from the mutant TN2Deltacag. Moreover, in the presence of monoclonal anti-MIF antibody, the stimulatory effects of the wild-type strain on cell proliferation disappeared.

CONCLUSION:

H pylori stimulates MIF release in monocytes, likely through its cag PAI, but not related to cagA or cagE. H pylori-stimulated monocyte culture supernatant increases gastric cell proliferation, which is blocked by anti-MIF antibody, suggesting that MIF plays an important role in H pylori-induced gastric epithelial cell proliferation.
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