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Altered EBV viral load setpoint after HIV seroconversion is in accordance with lack of predictive value of EBV load for the occurrence of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Piriou, Erwan R; van Dort, Karel; Nanlohy, Nening M; Miedema, Frank; van Oers, Marinus H; van Baarle, Debbie.
J Immunol; 172(11): 6931-7, 2004 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15153512
In contrast to the situation in the post-transplant setting, in HIV-infected individuals an elevated EBV load is not predictive of EBV-related malignancies. To study whether a high EBV load is already a normal situation early in HIV infection and is not related to a decrease in immune function over time, we investigated EBV load and EBV-specific CD8(+) T cells approximately 1 year before and 1 year after HIV seroconversion. EBV load significantly increased after HIV seroconversion from 205 to 1002 copies/10(6) PBMC (p < 0.001), whereas no further increase in EBV load was observed between 1 and 5 years after HIV seroconversion (median, 1827-2478 copies/10(6) PBMC; p = 0.530). Interestingly, the absolute number of EBV lytic epitope, RAKFKQLL-specific CD8(+) T cells increased over HIV seroconversion (4.78 to 9.54/ micro l; p = 0.011). Furthermore, the fraction of CD27-negative effector, RAK-specific CD8(+) T cells tended to increase (from 12.2 to 17.31% CD27(-); p = 0.051), in accordance with Ag-driven differentiation. In conclusion, both virological and immunological data support the idea that a new EBV viral setpoint is reached early in HIV infection, probably by EBV reactivation, as suggested by the preferential increase in EBV lytic epitope-specific CD8(+) T cells. These data may thus help to explain the lack of predictive value of EBV load for the occurrence of AIDS-related lymphoma.
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