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Effects of orthognathic surgery on speech and breathing of subjects with cleft lip and palate: acoustic and aerodynamic assessment.

Trindade, Inge E K; Yamashita, Renata P; Suguimoto, Roberto M; Mazzottini, Reinaldo; Trindade, Alceu S.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J; 40(1): 54-64, 2003 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12498606


To evaluate the impact of orthognathic surgery on acoustic nasalance of subjects with cleft and investigate the causes of possible changes by analyzing velopharyngeal function and nasal patency.


Nasalance was measured in 29 subjects with operated cleft palate +/- lip before (PRE) and 45 days (POST1) and 9 months (POST2) after surgery, on average. In 19 of the patients, the minimum velopharyngeal (VP) and nasal cross-sectional (N) areas were also determined.INTERVENTIONS: Le Fort I osteotomy with maxillary advancement in combination with procedures involving the nose, maxilla, mandible or all three.


Nasalance, VP area, N area.


We observed: (1) a significant (p < .05) increase in mean nasalance at POST1 and POST2, compared with PRE during the reading of oral sentences and nasal sentences; at POST2, high nasalance on the oral sentences was observed in 45% of the patients with normal nasalance at PRE, and 57% of patients with low nasalance on the nasal sentences at PRE no longer presented abnormal nasalance; (2) a significant increase in mean VP area at POST1; two borderline patients demonstrated deterioration of VP closure at POST2, compared with PRE; and (3) a significant increase in mean N area at POST2, with 73% of patients no longer presenting subnormal areas seen at PRE.


On a long-term basis, orthognathic surgery modifies speech nasalance of some subjects with cleft, perhaps because of an increase in internal nose size. This may also improve nasal patency for breathing.
Selo DaSilva