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Chinese Women's Drinking Patterns Before and After the Hong Kong Alcohol Policy Changes.

Wong, Eugene C; Kim, Jean H; Goggins, William B; Lau, Joseph; Wong, Samuel Y S; Griffiths, Sian M.
Alcohol Alcohol; 53(4): 477-486, 2018 Jul 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29939226

Aims:

To examine the patterns of alcohol consumption in Hong Kong Chinese women before and after a period of major alcohol policy amendments. Short

summary:

This study compared alcohol consumption patterns in Hong Kong Chinese women before and after a period of major alcohol policy amendments and found increased drinking among certain subgroups, particularly middle-aged women. These increases are likely due to personal factors (e.g. changing perceptions) as well as environmental influences (e.g. greater marketing).

Methods:

Cross-sectional telephone surveys were conducted on adult Chinese women prior to the 2007-2008 beer and wine tax eliminations in 2006 (n = 4946) and in 2011 (n = 2439).

Results:

Over the study period, only women in the 36-45 year age stratum reported significant increases in all three drinking patterns past-year drinking (38.1-45.2%), past-month binge drinking (2.3-5.2%) and weekly drinking (4.0-7.3%) (P < 0.05); middle-aged women, unemployed or retired women and those ascribing to alcohol's health benefits emerged as new binge drinking risk groups. In 2011, 3.5% of all drinking-aged women (8.8% of past-year drinkers, 20.7% of binge drinkers and 23.1% of weekly drinkers) reported an increased drinking frequency after the tax policy changes. The main contexts of increased drinking were social events and with restaurant meals; moreover, beliefs of alcohol's health benefits were common to all contexts of increased drinking. Of women who increased their drinking frequency, the largest proportion attributed it to peer effects/social environment conducive to drinking, and brand marketing/advertising influences.

Conclusions:

Increased drinking among certain subgroups of Hong Kong Chinese women may be due to combined influences of increased societal acceptance of social drinking, aggressive marketing promotions and personal beliefs in the health benefits of drinking that have recently emerged in the region. Hence, multi-prong strategies are required to combat potential drinking harms in these women.
Selo DaSilva