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Visual impairment in children with cerebral palsy: Croatian population-based study for birth years 2003-2008.

Striber, Neda; Vulin, Katarina; Dakovic, Ivana; Prvcic, Iva; Duranovic, Vlasta; Cerovski, Branimir; Pejic Rosko, Sanja; Cokolic Petrovic, Dunja; Martinec, Suncica; Dawidowsky, Barbara; Mejaski Bosnjak, Vlatka.
Croat Med J; 60(5): 414-420, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Nov 2019 | ID: mdl-31686455
Resumo: AIM: To evaluate visual impairment (VI) in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: This population-based study included 419 children from the Surveillance of Cerebral Palsy in Europe (SCPE) C28 RCP-HR - Register of Cerebral Palsy of Croatia born 2003-2008. Vision in children with CP (according to SCPE) was classified as normal or impaired, with the subcategory of severe VI. The proportion of children with VI was assessed in groups with different CP type/subtype, gross and fine motor function, and gestational age (GA). RESULTS: A total of 266 children had some degree of VI (266/400; 66.5%), 134 had normal vision, and data on VI were unknown for 19 children. Severe VI was present in 44 children (44/400; 11%). The proportion of children with VI and severe VI increased with the Gross Motor Function Classification System and Bimanual Fine Motor Function levels. Children with bilateral spastic CP had the highest frequency of severe VI (14.9%). The percentage of severe VI in children with bilateral spastic CP was 53.8% in the group born <28 weeks of GA, 13.3% in the group born 28-31 weeks of GA, 11.1% in the group born 32-36 weeks of GA, and 24.4% in the group born >36 weeks of GA (λ2=4.95; df=6; P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Children with CP have a high prevalence of VI and severe VI, which is increasing with the level of motor impairment. Severe VI is significantly more common in children with bilateral spastic CP, especially among extremely premature infants.