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Impact of pharmacists' interventions on the pharmacotherapy of patients with complex needs monitored in multidisciplinary primary care teams.

Samir Abdin, Madjda; Grenier-Gosselin, Lise; Guénette, Line.
Int J Pharm Pract; 28(1): 75-83, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | 2020 | ID: mdl-31468599
Resumo: OBJECTIVES: Recently, pharmacists have joined multidisciplinary healthcare teams within family medicine groups (FMG) in Quebec Province, Canada. This study assessed the impact of their interventions on the pharmacotherapy of patients with complex needs monitored in FMGs. METHODS: We performed a pre/post real-life intervention study among patients with complex needs referred to the FMG pharmacist in four FMGs in Quebec City. Pharmacists collected data at baseline, during follow-up and up to 6 months after the first encounter. They recorded all drug-related problems (DRPs) identified, interventions made and recommendations that were accepted by physicians. The researchers used the data collected to compare the medication regimen complexity index (MRCI) and medication adherence (using the proportion of days covered (PDC)) before and after the pharmacist's interventions. Descriptive statistics and paired sample t-tests were computed. KEY FINDINGS: Sixty-four patients (median age: 74.5 years) were included; four patients were lost to follow-up. Pharmacists detected 300 DRPs (mean: 7.2 per patient) during the study period for which they made an intervention. The most common DRP was 'drug use without indication' (27%). The physicians accepted 263 (87.7%) of those interventions. The mean number of prescribed drugs per patient decreased from 13.8 (95% confidence interval (CI): 12.24 to 15.29) to 12.4 (95% CI: 10.92 to 13.90). The mean MRCI decreased from 47.18 to 41.74 (-5.44; 95% CI: 1.71 to 9.17), while the mean PDC increased from 84.4% to 90.0% (+5.6%; 95% CI: 2.7% to 8.4%). CONCLUSION: Family medicine groups pharmacists can detect and resolve DRPs and can reduce medication regimen complexity and non-adherence to treatment in patients with complex needs monitored in FMGs.