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Impact of diabetes education teams in primary care on processes of care indicators.

Vitale, Michele; Xu, Changchang; Lou, Wendy; Horodezny, Stacey; Dorado, Linda; Sidani, Souraya; Shah, Baiju R; Gucciardi, Enza.
Prim Care Diabetes; 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Jul 2019 | ID: mdl-31296470
Resumo: AIMS: To evaluate the impact of the integration of onsite diabetes education teams in primary care on processes of care indicators according to practice guidelines. METHODS: Teams of nurse and dietitian educators delivered individualized self-management education counseling in 11 Ontario primary care sites. Of the 771 adult patients with HbA1c ≥7% who were recruited in a prospective cohort study, 487 patients attended appointments with the education teams, while the remaining 284 patients did not (usual care group). Baseline demographic, clinical information, and patient care processes (diabetes medical visit, HbA1c test, lipid profile, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and albumin-to-creatinine ratio, measuring blood pressure, performing foot exams, provision of flu vaccine, and referral for dilated retinal exam) were collected from patient charts one year before (pre period) and after (post period) the integration began. A multi-level random effects model was used to analyze the effect of group and period on whether the process indicators were met based on practice guidelines. RESULTS: Compared to the usual care group, patients seen by the education teams had significant improvements on indicators for semi-annual medical visit and annual foot exam. No significant improvements were found for other process of care indicators. CONCLUSIONS: Onsite education teams in primary care settings can potentially improve diabetes management as shown in two process of care indicators: medical visits and foot exams. The results support the benefits of having education teams in primary care settings to increase adherence to practice guidelines.